NACADA works with different partners and stakeholders in its effort to bridge the gap of knowledge about drug and substance abuse. Its main role is to coordinate and facilitate an all-inclusive effort towards prevention, control and mitigation of alcohol and drug abuse in Kenya. NACADA has established partnerships with public, private as well as international organizations and institutions in furtherance of its mandate. NACADA partnerships include the following:

Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government

This is the Ministry charged with both drug demand reduction and supply suppression. The Ministry has been instrumental in pushing for policy and legislation against licit and illicit substances, and has made use of the Administration structure to fight drug cartels from the grassroots. The Ministry is, however, constrained by competing administrative priorities including maintenance of peace and order, security and dissemination of Government policy.

Kenya Police Anti-Narcotics Unit

The Kenya Police Anti-Narcotics Unit (ANU) was formed in 1983 within the Criminal Investigations Department (CID) and charged with fighting drug trafficking and related crimes. The ANU’s terms of reference are:

  • Investigating drug offences
  • Detecting and seizing of illicit drugs
  • Apprehending and prosecuting drug offenders
  • Gathering, analysing and disseminating drug-related intelligence
  • Maintaining a database on drug-related cases
  • Liaising with local and international drug enforcement agencies.


The judicial system is responsible for trying and sentencing offenders brought before it, including drug offenders. The criminal justice system has been instrumental in reducing the supply of commonly abused substances. It also incarcerates persons suffering substance use disorders thereby exacerbating the problem of drug use in penal institutions.

Customs Department

The Customs and Excise Department is one of the four departments that constitute the Kenya Revenue Authority. The Customs Department is strategically positioned to counter drug smuggling through control of imports and exports and has been instrumental in drug interdiction.

Ministry of Education

The Ministry of Education provides, promotes and co-ordinates lifelong education, training and research for Kenya's sustainable development. It is responsible for educating youth and children who also form the largest vulnerable population for drug abuse. However, whilst the Ministry has been a consistent partner in the campaign against drug abuse, its participation is limited by its core mandate, which is to provide access to quality primary and secondary education to all.

Ministry of Health

The Ministry of Health (both Public Health and Medical Services) plays an important role in substance abuse control and treatment. It is responsible for the health sector based approach that combines best practices in detoxification and addiction treatment with counseling. The Ministry also controls the importation, exportation and general trade in licit narcotic and psychotropic substances through the Pharmacy and Poisons Board. 

Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports

The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports was established to represent and address youth concerns in Kenya. As mentioned earlier, the youth form the largest vulnerable population to alcohol and drug abuse. The Ministry has actively participated in implementing interventions meant to empower the youth to shun destructive lifestyles by providing sporting and recreational facilities, as well as economic empowerment.

NGOs, FBOs and Private Sector

Non-governmental organisations, faith-based organisations and the private sector have an important role to play in drug and substance abuse control and prevention. Currently, most of the counseling, treatment and rehabilitation centres in the country are run either by the private sector or by FBOs and NGOs.

United Nations

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has been supporting Government efforts in drug demand and supply suppression especially through capacity building. UNODC actively supports awareness creation on substance abuse issues as well as enhancing provision of treatment and rehabilitation services.

Abused Substances 
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Cocaine Cocaine Effects How Does Cocaine Affect the Brain? Cocaine is a strong central nervous...
Abused Substances
  • Alcohol
  • Tobacco
  • Marijuana/ Bhang
  • Inhalants & Solvents
  • Heroin
  • Cocaine
  • Prescription Drugs
  • HIV/AIDS and Drugs
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